BARANGA, AUREL (Leibovici; 1913–1979), Romanian playwright and poet. Born in Bucharest, Baranga qualified as a physician and first published poems in the avant-garde review Unu (1928–32). In 1930–31 he edited Alge, a journal that cultivated the absurd. Later he wrote for the left-wing press. After World War II Baranga devoted himself entirely to writing: he became a reporter and wrote poems. When Romanian Nazis were put on trial in Bucharest in 1945, he was among the first to make the Romanian public aware of the full extent of Nazi crimes. His articles on the deportation of Romanian Jews to the Transnistria concentration camps were collected in Ninge peste Ucraina (Snow Falls over the Ukraine, 1945, 1946) It was, however, in the theater that Baranga increasingly displayed his creative talents. From 1947 he wrote many stage successes, some of which were translated into English, French, Russian, and Chinese. Among them are Iarba rea (The Ill Weed, 1949), Mielul turbat (The Rabid Lamb, 1953), Reteta fericirii (Recipe for Happiness, 1957), Sfantul Mitica Blajinul (Saint Demeter the Kind-Hearted, 1965), Opinia publica (Public Opinion, 1967), Simfonia patetica (The Pathetic Symhony, 1969), Travesti (The Mask, 1968) and Farsa infernala (The Infernal Farce, 1969). These advocate a society based on the author's ethic of humanistic socialism and satirize Romanian inertia, bureaucracy, old-fashioned ideas, and insincerity. Opinia publica, which ran for a year in Bucharest, satirized "socialist realism" and parodied the Communist political trial, though it is evident that his satiric plays were written, performed, and published with the consent of the Communist Party, since Baranga was a privileged person. Nevertheless, his plays were popular with Romanian youth. Twice the winner of Romania's state prize for literature, Baranga was assistant director of the Bucharest National Theater, and coeditor of the periodical Viata Romaneasca (Romanian Life). In 1968 he published the verse collection Poezii. Some plays and verses contain "Jewish" allusions: a character speaks Yiddish, a poem is called Kadis (Kaddish), a play contains an allusion to the Six-Day War favorable to Israel. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Teatrul romanesc in contemporaneitate (1964); D. Sararu, Teatrul romanesc si interpreti contemporani (1966); H. Kamm, in: New York Times (May 3, 1968). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Mirodan, Dictionar neconventional, 1 (1986), 116–26; A.B. Yoffe, Bisdot Zarim (1996), 270, 440. (Dora Litany-Littman / Lucian-Zeev Herscovici (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Radu Beligan — is a Romanian actor from Bacău County, Romania. He was born in Galbeni commune on December 14, 1918. He has had a rich career in theatre, film, television, and radio, playing several celebrated roles by major Romanian playwrights (Ion Luca… …   Wikipedia

  • Socialist realism in Romania — After World War II, socialist realism on the Soviet model was imposed on the USSR s new satellites, including Romania. This was accompanied by a series of organisational and repressive moves, for instance the incarceration of numerous poets (some …   Wikipedia

  • Zdrobite cătușe — Titel auf Deutsch Zerbrochen die Ketten Land Rumänien 1948  Rumänien Text Aurel Baranga Melodie Matei Socor Notenblatt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Баранга, Аурел — Аурел Баранга Aurel Baranga Дата рождения: 20 июня 1913(19 …   Википедия

  • ROMANIAN LITERATURE — Biblical and Hebraic Influences Unlike the languages of surrounding peoples and cultures in the area, Romanian is of Latin or Romance origin, dating back to Roman colonization of Dacia (present day Romania and Bessarabia). Although Romania s… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gheorghe Dinică — in 2008. Born Gheorghe Dinică January 1, 1934(1934 01 01) Bucharest, Romania …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolae Iorga — Iorga redirects here. For the village in Botoşani County, see Manoleasa. Nicolae Iorga Nicolae Iorga in 1914 (photograph published in Luceafărul) Prime Minister of Romania …   Wikipedia

  • List of Romanian writers — This is a list of Romanian writers.LiteratureOld literature* Neagoe Basarab * Dosoftei *Miron Costin (1633 1691) *Grigore Ureche (1590 1647) *Ion Neculce (1672 1744) *Nicolae Milescu (1636 1708) *Antim Ivireanul (1650 1617) *Dimitrie Cantemir… …   Wikipedia

  • Mateiu Caragiale — Mateiu Ion Caragiale Born March 25, 1885(1885 03 25) Bucharest Died January 17, 1936(1936 01 17) (aged …   Wikipedia

  • Zdrobite cătuşe — ( Broken Handcuffs ) was the national anthem of the People s Republic of Romania between 1948 and 1953. The lyrics were written by Aurel Baranga and the music by Matei Socor.Lyrics:Zdrobite cătuşe în urmă rămân:În frunte i mereu muncitorul,:Prin… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.